CDH-UCAB: Impacto del nuevo Código Orgánico Procesal Penal (COPP) en derechos de procesados y privados de libertad

Lunes, 25 de junio de 2012

IMPACTO DEL NUEVO CÓDIGO ORGÁNICO PROCESAL PENAL(1) EN DERECHOS DE PROCESADOS Y PRIVADOS DE LIBERTAD 

I. Introducción 

A dos días de cumplirse el plazo de vigencia de los poderes especiales otorgados al Presidente de la República por la saliente Asamblea Nacional en diciembre de 2010, es promulgado un decreto con rango, valor y fuerza de ley mediante el cual se realizan reformas sustantivas al Código Orgánico Procesal Penal (COPP), al punto que, más que reformas, nos coloca frente a un nuevo sistema procesal penal.

El Presidente de la República no está habilitado para crear delitos ni legislar sobre derechos. Con ello no solo se incumple con lo dispuesto por la Constitución, sino con compromisos internacionales suscritos por Venezuela en materia de derechos humanos.

El nuevo COPP vulnera derechos de los procesados, deja sin efecto el principio de participación ciudadana en la administración de la justicia penal, limita seriamente las alternativas a la prisión tanto durante el proceso como en lo que respecta a las personas que están cumpliendo una sentencia y que podrían ser objeto de dichas alternativas, disminuye la capacidad de acción de las organizaciones de derechos humanos y marca retrocesos en el fuero militar, todo lo cual tiene una repercusión negativa en la vigencia de los derechos humanos.

A continuación se detallan los efectos del nuevo COPP en los derechos humanos, teniendo como base la Constitución y los tratados internacionales suscritos por Venezuela.

II. Violaciones a la Constitución en el mecanismo de reforma 

La principal motivación esgrimida por la saliente Asamblea Nacional para otorgar poderes especiales legislativos al Presidente de la República se encuentra reflejada en la exposición de motivos de la Ley Habilitante, en los siguientes términos:

… hemos evidenciado con dolor en las últimas semanas, el saldo de treinta y ocho (38) compatriotas fallecidos, ciento treinta y dos mil seres humanos (132.000) que conforman treinta y tres mil familias (33.000) damnificadas y refugiadas en novecientos cincuenta y un (951) refugios habilitados por el gobierno revolucionario para brindarles alojamiento y servicios de salud y alimentación, treinta y cinco (35) puentes colapsados y doscientas sesenta y cuatro vialidades afectadas (264), tres (3) embalses de agua potable destruidos y cerca de cuarenta y seis mil (46.000) hectáreas de cultivos perdidas, entre otros graves daños hasta la fecha. 

Si bien es cierto que el fenómeno natural no fue la única razón alegada por la Asamblea Nacional en 2010, no existe base normativa que permita suponer que tal delegación de facultades legislativas al Ejecutivo pueden extenderse de manera amplia e indeterminada a todas las áreas de la vida de la nación.

Se trata, como advertimos al solicitar audiencia ante la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) de una disposición inconstitucional, en la medida en que altera el orden constitucional en áreas tales como (a) el procedimiento de consulta de las leyes; (b) la prohibición de delegar la facultad legislativa en blanco, sin ningún límite; y (c) el principio de legalidad, porque delega la facultad al Presidente de crear delitos y legislar sobre derechos(2).

Al respecto, la CIDH constató que “[A]l permitirse delegaciones legislativas en términos demasiado amplios, que puedan incluso referirse a materias penales, se afecta el principio de legalidad necesario para realizar restricciones a los derechos humanos. La frecuente concentración de las funciones ejecutiva y legislativa en un solo poder sin que la Constitución y la Ley Habilitante establezcan los límites y controles adecuados, permite la interferencia en la esfera de los derechos y libertades”(3).

Por muy amplias que sean las facultades cedidas por el órgano legislativo al Ejecutivo, éstas de ninguna manera pueden abarcar aquellas materias objeto de reserva legal, de formación por vía de ley orgánica, como es el caso de la creación de delitos y penas, o la regulación en materia de derechos humanos.

Igualmente, se viola el principio constitucional de participación, consagrado en el Preámbulo de la Carta Magna, donde se define a Venezuela como una “sociedad democrática, participativa y protagónica”, principio desarrollado en el artículo 62. En contraste con COPP de 1998 cuya elaboración duró cerca de 5 años y fue ampliamente consultado con penalistas, litigantes, académicos, organizaciones sociales y gremios profesionales, en esta oportunidad el Presidente informó sobre reforma del COPP el 28 de mayo de 2012, mediante llamada telefónica a reunión semanal del Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, en la que anunció que estaba estudiando “junto a un grupo de juristas las propuestas para la reforma del Código Orgánico Procesal Penal”(4).

III. Violaciones a derechos de los procesados 

1. El derecho a ser oído (5)

La reciente reforma del COPP viola el derecho a ser oído, consagrado tanto por la Constitución, como por los tratados internacionales suscritos por Venezuela, al incorporar un nuevo artículo sobre la audiencia preliminar (artículo 310), como al modificar el relativo a la audiencia de apertura del debate (artículo 327)(6). En ambos se contempla la continuación del juicio, aún en el caso de que el procesado no asista, alegando que “se entenderá que no quiere hacer uso de su derecho a ser oído”, con lo que se parte de la supuesta renuncia a un derecho irrenunciable que, además, puede ser sancionada mediante la revocatoria de medidas cautelares sustitutivas a la prisión.

En el supuesto negado de que el procesado haya “renunciado” a su derecho a ser oído, ello de ninguna manera puede tener por efecto la reversión de medidas cautelares sustitutivas a la prisión, ya que el mismo Código establece de manera expresa que la única causal de posible revocatoria es el incumplimiento de dichas medidas. La exposición de motivos no explica las razones que justificarían este cambio.

La exposición de motivos del COPP promulgado en 1998, sentó las bases del derecho a ser oído al desarrollar las motivaciones de la realización de la audiencia en los siguientes términos:

De acuerdo a este principio fundamental, nadie puede ser condenado sin ser oído. Dicho principio se relaciona directa e indirectamente con el de la defensa, cuyo desconocimiento determina la nulidad del juicio. Esto no significa que sólo el acusado tiene derecho a ser oído. La formulación de este principio, refiriéndolo sólo al acusado obedece a la consideración de que el acusador tendrá la oportunidad de ser oído, bien cuando formula la imputación o cuando solicita una resolución jurisdiccional. El Proyecto en numerosas instituciones garantiza la defensa mediante la efectiva realización del principio “audiatur et altera pars”. Como se verá, la práctica anticipada de pruebas irrepetibles (Art. 316), la decisión sobre la apertura a juicio (Art. 334) y el debate en el juicio oral (Art. 347 y ss.), constituyen manifestaciones de la plena aceptación de este principio.(7)

2. El derecho a un proceso penal público (8)

Hasta ahora, el COPP establecía de manera taxativa las excepciones al juicio público, compatibles con los principios internacionales sobre la materia, cuando:

1. Afecte el pudor o la vida privada de alguna de las partes o de alguna persona citada para participar en él. 

2. Perturbe gravemente la seguridad del Estado o las buenas costumbres. 

3. Peligre un secreto oficial, particular, comercial o industrial, cuya revelación indebida sea punible. 

4. Declare un menor de edad y el tribunal considere inconveniente la publicidad. 

La reforma incorpora un quito numeral: “Cualquier otra circunstancia que a criterio del Juez o la Jueza, perturbe el normal desarrollo del juicio” (9). De esta manera, se otorga al juez una facultad discrecional que desvirtúa el sentido excepcional de esta medida.

En la exposición de motivos del COPP de 1988, se explican las razones por las cuales la publicidad es un aspecto importante en el proceso penal:

Por cuanto los asuntos penales son demasiado importantes no se los puede tratar secretamente, por ello los actos del proceso, salvo las excepciones legales, han de efectuarse en público, esto que constituye una garantía de la legalidad y la justicia del fallo, permite el acercamiento del ciudadano común al sistema de administración de justicia y fortalece su confianza en ella, lo cual a su vez representa un control democrático de la actuación judicial. Así, al proteger a las partes de una justicia sustraída al control público, se garantiza uno de los aspectos del debido proceso. 

Y añade:

La publicidad del proceso sólo admite las excepciones expresamente reguladas en el Proyecto (Art.336). 

3. El derecho a la presunción de inocencia (10)

El Nuevo COPP incorpora nuevo numeral al ahora artículo 111 (11):

Artículo 111. Corresponde al Ministerio Público en el proceso penal: 

(…) 

18. Solicitar al tribunal competente declare la ausencia del evadido o prófugo sobre el que recaiga orden de aprehensión y que proceda a dictar medidas definitivas de disposición sobre los bienes relacionados con el hecho punible, propiedad del mismo o de sus interpuestas personas. 

Tal disposición viola el principio de presunción de inocencia al aplicar de manera anticipada e irreversible una sanción, la cual, adicionalmente, puede afectar bienes que, estando a nombre del imputado, pueden trascender a su persona como es el caso, por ejemplo, de la vivienda donde habita el grupo familiar. La norma no contempla excepciones que dejen a resguardo los intereses y derechos de terceros afectados por tal disposición.

Finalmente, cabe señalar que ninguno de los principios de la exposición de motivos del COPP de 1998 había sido cuestionado por el legislador en reformas posteriores(12). La pretendida justificación presentada en la exposición de motivos de 2012 indica que estas nuevas disposiciones tienen como propósito asegurar la celeridad procesal; sin embargo, el problema del retardo procesal no puede solventarse a costa de derechos del procesado.

IV. El principio de participación ciudadana (13)

Aún antes de la promulgación del nuevo COPP, tanto la Fiscal General de la República (14) como la Presidente del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (15) justificaron los cambios con base en el carácter preconstitucional del hasta entonces vigente y a la necesidad de adecuarlo al país, dado que supuestamente tendría normas “divorciadas absolutamente de la realidad venezolana” (16). Según la Exposición de Motivos del nuevo COPP, el hoy derogado Código “incorporó a nuestro sistema una figura como el escabinado ajena totalmente a nuestras costumbres”.

Si hay un principio que tiene arraigo y tradición en la historia de Venezuela, es precisamente la de la participación ciudadana en el proceso penal. La exposición de motivos del COPP de 1998, recuerda:

Esta institución no es ajena al sistema jurídico venezolano y latinoamericano. En efecto, la Declaración de los Derechos del Pueblo Venezolano de julio de 1811 prevé la resolución por jurados de los juicios criminales y civiles; esta previsión se repite en la Constitución venezolana de 1811, luego en las de 1819, 1821, 1830 y 1858, con la que termina esa tradición normativa constitucional. En el mismo sentido, en casi todos los Códigos de Enjuiciamiento Criminal venezolanos, hasta los primeros del siglo XX aparece de una u otra forma reflejado el juicio por jurados. 

La Constitución de 1961 no contempla la participación ciudadana como parte de la administración de Justicia y, sin embargo, el COPP de 1998 rescata este principio y lo reincorpora al proceso penal, antes de que se volviera a contemplar nuevamente en la Constitución de 1999, por lo que la eliminación de los escabinos (17) so pretexto de no formar parte de nuestra tradición y contribuir al retardo procesal, carece de fundamento; se trata, por el contrario, de figuras incorporadas a la administración de justicia penal con anterioridad a la Constitución de 1999, con base en una tradición centenaria, que fue posteriormente reconocida por la nueva Constitución, de tal manera que fue el constituyente de 1999 quien acordó recobrar el rango constitucional de una figura preexistente.

Vale la pena recordar que la participación, mediante las figuras de escabinos y jurados ahora eliminadas, fue ampliamente justificada en la exposición de motivos del COPP de 1998, invocando principios de democracia política, fundados en la necesidad del ejercicio del control social por parte de la población en la administración de justicia:

Esta institución, que profundizará nuestra democracia política, va a contribuir a la formación de la responsabilidad colectiva o conciencia cívica, y es una necesidad ante la ausencia de contacto de la magistratura penal con la fuente de su poder: el pueblo, es decir, con el órgano de donde emana su autoridad y hacia donde debe ejercerla. Se explica ese distanciamiento con la fuente de su autoridad en el sistema vigente, dado que por la forma de elección no se establece una representatividad directa, lo que conduce a que el Poder Judicial sea el menos democrático de los Poderes Públicos.

(…) 

[E]l desafío del presente consiste en idear mecanismos que reduzcan el doble aislamiento de la justicia penal, acercándola a la fuente de la soberanía y buscando que las decisiones de los tribunales respeten las reales necesidades de justicia de la sociedad, con ello se procura dar al Poder Judicial la legitimidad democrática de la cual hoy día carece”.

La incorporación de los ciudadanos en la administración de justicia es un mecanismos de legitimación de una de las ramas del Poder Público con menor relación directa con la población, especialmente en un país en el que los jueces no llegan al cargo como resultado de la consulta popular, con todos los riesgos que ello puede representar, tal como igualmente lo recoge la ya citada exposición de motivos:

Debe recordarse que, como ya lo adelantaba Montesquieu, al exponer su teoría de la división de los poderes: “el poder de juzgar no se puede dar a un senado permanente. Debe ejercerse por personas salidas del pueblo en la forma que lo establezca la ley para formar tribunal transitorio. Este es el único medio como el terrible poder de juzgar no se vincule a ningún estado, a ninguna profesión y se haga invisible y nulo”. 

En su exposición de motivos, el COPP de 2012, pretende interpretar como mecanismos de control social y participación ciudadana en la administración de justicia, la selección y designación de jueces y el seguimiento en la aplicación de fórmulas alternativas a la prosecución del proceso y cumplimiento de penas. Sin embargo, si bien se trata de mecanismos que permiten acercar al ciudadano al sistema de justicia, el primero cuenta ya con una mora de 13 años sin que se advierta en el horizonte cercano, ni en el mismo COPP señal alguna sobre su pronta realización, y el segundo no constituye, en sí mismo, una forma de participación de justicia, sino que se trata de un mecanismo de co-gestión de la administración penitenciaria, asociado al principio constitucional de corresponsabilidad, más no al de participación.

Al respecto, cabe recordar que el artículo 184 de la Constitución prevé la creación de mecanismos en estados y municipios para la incorporación de las comunidades en diversos servicios “orientados por los principios de interdependencia, coordinación, cooperación y corresponsabilidad”, entre los que expresamente señala en su numeral 7: “La participación de las comunidades en actividades de acercamiento a los establecimientos penales y de vinculación de éstos con la población”. La incorporación de los Consejos Comunales (18) en el nuevo COPP no obedece al principio de participación, sino al de corresponsabilidad. Los escabinos desaparecen de inmediato, mientras la cogestión de los consejos comunales opera a partir de 2013, lo que evidencia que no existe un interés real en el control ciudadano sobre la justicia. La participación ciudadana en el proceso penal ha desaparecido.

V. Impacto en personas privadas de libertad 

El nuevo COPP establece en su artículo 374(19) que la decisión que acuerde la libertad del imputado es de ejecución inmediata, pero establece excepciones con base en el tipo de delito y no por la duración de la pena, como se estipulaba en el COPP anterior. En algunos casos se habla de delitos que causen “grave daño” o con “multiplicidad de víctimas”, lo que podría dar lugar a una reinterpretación del delito y de la pena, asunto que no corresponde al instrumento procesal sino al Código Penal. En consecuencia, el Presidente legisló sobre delitos, violentando el principio de reserva legal.

Adicionalmente, el mismo artículo le otorga al Ministerio Público de apelar oralmente en la misma audiencia la decisión que acuerde la libertad del imputado, al tiempo que se elimina la provisión según la cual la Corte de Apelaciones debía decidir de la apelación (no oral) en un plazo de 48 horas, habiendo oído los alegatos de la defensa. El nuevo COPP no solo no establece lapso para la Corte de Apelaciones, sino que la defensa no será oída por ésta. En síntesis, una persona puede seguir detenida, aún teniendo una decisión que acuerde su libertad, si el Ministerio Público apela oralmente y, además, el imputado perdió el derecho a ser oído ante una Corte de Apelaciones que no tendrá lapso para decidir.

El nuevo COPP extiende los plazos para el otorgamiento de penas alternativas a la prisión de los ya penados de la siguiente forma:

Sumado a ello, se añaden nuevas condiciones para el otorgamiento de las medidas sustitutivas entre las que se encuentran:

3. Pronóstico de conducta favorable del penado o penada, emitido de acuerdo a la evaluación realizada por un equipo evaluador designado por el Ministerio con competencia en materia Penitenciaria. 

5. Que no haya participado en hechos de violencia que alteren la paz del recinto o el régimen penitenciario. 

6. Que haya culminado, curse estudios o trabaje efectivamente en los programas educativos y/o laborales que implemente el Ministerio con competencia en materia penitenciaria.

Las circunstancias para el otorgamiento de medidas alternativas a la prisión (6 en total) deben ser concurrentes y su aplicación tiene vigencia anticipada, lo que en la práctica significa la suspensión casi total de todas las medidas alternativas a la prisión, al menos en el corto y mediano plazo, ya que en la actualidad la población que trabaja o estudia en los establecimientos penitenciarios del país es mínima.

VI. El principio de solidaridad y corresponsabilidad (21) 

En el COPP de 1998, las asociaciones de defensa de los derechos humanos estaban legitimadas para presentar querella e interponer recursos de revisión, cuando estuviesen comprometidos los derechos humanos. La reforma del COPP de 2009 acordó otorgar legitimidad a la Defensoría del Pueblo ”para interponer recursos de revisión en materia penal, cuando se trate de sentencias donde se encuentren vinculados funcionarios o funcionarias responsables de violaciones de derechos humanos  (22), pero mantuvo a las organizaciones de derechos humanos, con lo cual se amplió la diversidad de actores legitimados.

El nuevo COPP mantiene la legitimación de las organizaciones de derechos humanos para ejercer recursos de revisión pero elimina su legitimación para presentar querella.

Aunque permanece la posibilidad de que tales acciones sean presentadas por una “persona”, lo cual no imposibilita la acción de individuos pertenecientes a organizaciones de derechos humanos, se produce una disminución en la calidad de las organizaciones para ejercer acciones, en cuanto asociaciones legítimamente constituidas en el país.

En la práctica esto supone una mayor desprotección para las víctimas de violaciones de derechos humanos, si se toma en cuenta que, desde 2009, cuando se amplió la legitimación a la Defensoría del Pueblo para presentar querellas o recursos de revisión a favor de las víctimas, no existe registro en los informes anuales de la institución defensorial sobre el uso de tal atribución (23).

VII. El fuero militar 

El nuevo COPP presenta retrocesos importantes en cuanto a la atracción del fuero civil sobre el militar, lo cual se observa en la inclusión de los miembros del Alto Mando Militar en el artículo 381, relativo al procedimiento especial para el juicio contra los funcionarios de alto rango, así como en el artículo relativo a los procedimientos aplicables.

Sobre este segundo aspecto, el COPP hoy derogado contemplaba que en la jurisdicción penal militar se aplicarían de manera supletoria las normas del procedimiento ordinario, mientras el nuevo Código establece en su artículo 517 que “La jurisdicción penal militar se regirá por las normas establecidas en su legislación especial y las disposiciones de este Código, en cuanto sean aplicables”.

VIII. Sobre compromisos internacionales 

El mecanismo de elaboración del nuevo COPP, al margen del procedimiento establecido para la formulación de leyes que corresponde a la Rama Legislativa, contraviene lo establecido por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en su Opinión Consultiva 6/1986, la cual determinó que “la expresión leyes, utilizada por el artículo 30, no puede tener otro sentido que el de ley formal, es decir, norma jurídica adoptada por el órgano legislativo y promulgada por el Poder Ejecutivo, según el procedimiento requerido por el derecho interno de cada Estado” (24).

Ello es así, explica la Corte, porque “… no es posible interpretar la expresión leyes, utilizada en el artículo 30, como sinónimo de cualquier norma jurídica, pues ello equivaldría a admitir que los derechos fundamentales pueden ser restringidos por la sola determinación del poder público, sin otra limitación formal que la de consagrar tales restricciones en disposiciones de carácter general. Tal interpretación conduciría a desconocer límites que el derecho constitucional democrático ha establecido desde que, en el derecho interno, se proclamó la garantía de los derechos fundamentales de la persona; y no se compadecería con el Preámbulo de la Convención Americana, según el cual ” los derechos esenciales del hombre… tienen como fundamento los atributos de la persona humana, razón por la cual justifican una protección internacional, de naturaleza convencional coadyuvante o complementaria de la que ofrece el derecho interno de los Estados americanos” (25).

Y concluye: “La expresión leyes, en el marco de la protección a los derechos humanos, carecería de sentido si con ella no se aludiera a la idea de que la sola determinación del poder público no basta para restringir tales derechos. Lo contrario equivaldría a reconocer una virtualidad absoluta a los poderes de los gobernantes frente a los gobernados. En cambio, el vocablo leyes cobra todo su sentido lógico e histórico si se le considera como una exigencia de la necesaria limitación a la interferencia del poder público en la esfera de los derechos y libertades de la persona humana” (26).

En tal sentido, el nuevo COPP se aparta del marco de interpretación sobre las obligaciones internacionales asumidas por Venezuela en materia de derechos humanos.

Adicionalmente, el artículo 506 del nuevo COPP elimina la mención de las Reglas Mínimas para el Tratamiento de los Reclusos de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, como parte de las normas aplicables a las personas privadas de libertad, en la protección de sus derechos.

Durante el Examen Periódico Universal, en octubre de 2011, las recomendaciones sobre el sistema penitenciario ocuparon el segundo lugar en cuanto a número de propuestas, durante el diálogo intercativo con los estados miembros de las Naciones Unidas. De éstas, Venezuela alegó que la mayoría se encontraba en proceso de implementación o que serían aceptadas. Solo una recomendación fue rechazada con el siguiente argumento:

No se acepta la recomendación 96.23 a pesar de los desafíos que se tienen en los centros de reclusión y de ser un tema de prioridad para las distintas instancias del Estado, en este sector se vienen aplicando políticas estructurales y progresivas que están humanizando y transformando la realidad penitenciaria, políticas diseñadas con los propias personas privadas de libertad y sus familiares, tomando en cuenta los principios internacionales de DDHH e incluyendo las Reglas Mínimas ONU para el Tratamiento de Reclusos. (27)

IX. A manera de conclusión 

Como puede observarse, los cambios descritos van más allá de una simple reforma para convertir al COPP aprobado por decreto en junio de 2012 en un instrumento jurídico nuevo, elaborado al margen del debate parlamentario y de la participación social consagrada en la Constitución.

Se trata de un instrumento regresivo en la medida en que elimina la participación ciudadana e invierte el equilibrio entre víctimas y procesados, otorgando al Ministerio Público y a los mismos jueces amplias facultades, muchas de las cuales son discrecionales y con vagos o inexistentes mecanismos de control.

Las restricciones y condiciones impuestas para el otorgamiento de medidas alternativas a la prisión, así como la posibilidad de revocar las concedidas, por razones ajenas al interés del proceso y en nombre de una cuestionable celeridad, atentan contra el principio de la detención como medida excepcional y crean riesgos considerables de mayor congestionamiento en los ya saturados establecimientos penitenciarios.

El derecho a la protección judicial efectiva, según la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, “constituye uno de los pilares básicos, no sólo de la Convención Americana, sino del propio Estado de Derecho en una sociedad democrática en el sentido de la Convención” (28).

Análisis preparado por Ligia Bolívar 

Centro de Derechos Humanos 

Se autoriza su difusión y reproducción citando la fuente 

Caracas, junio 2012 

NOTAS:

1 Aprobado en Consejo de Ministros el 15 de junio de 2012 mediante decreto N° 9.042 con rango, valor y fuerza de ley, por el Presidente de la República, mediante Ley Habilitante otorgada por la Asamblea Nacional en fecha 17 de diciembre de 2010, para hacer frente a los efectos de las lluvias que afectaron al país en noviembre de 2010 y que vencía el 17 de junio de 2012. El Tribunal Supremo de Justicia le otorgó carácter de orgánico y constitucional, el 15 de junio de 2012. Publicada en Gaceta Oficial Extraordinaria N1 6.078, de fecha 15 de junio de 2012. Entrará en vigencia el 1 de enero de 2013, excepto los artículos de vigencia anticipada que se señalan a lo largo de este texto.

2 Centro de Derechos Humanos, Universidad Católica Andrés Bello: Audiencia la Ley Habilitante y Derechos Humanos en Venezuela, solicitud ante la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, 141º Período ordinario de Sesiones, Washington, marzo de 2011.

3  CIDH. Comunicado de Prensa 122/10. 15 de diciembre de 2010. CIDH expresa preocupación ante proyectos de ley en Venezuela que pueden afectar la plena vigencia de los derechos humanos. Disponible en: http://www.cidh.oas.org/Comunicados/Spanish/2010/122-10sp.htm.

4  Agencia Venezolana de Noticias. Propuesta de reforma del COPP establece creación de tribunales municipales http://www.avn.info.ve/contenido/propuestas-reforma-del-copp-establece-creaci%C3%B3n-tribunales-municipales Subrayado nuestro

5  Reconocido por el artículo 8.1 de la Convención Americana de Derechos Humanos y el artículo 14.1 del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos; garantizado en artículo 49.3 de la Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela

6  Ambos con vigencia anticipada

7  Exposición de motivos Código Orgánico Procesal Penal, 1998 en www.oas.org/juridico/MLA/sp/ven/sp_ven-int-other-copp.doc

8  Reconocido por el artículo 8.5 de la Convención Americana de Derechos Humanos y el artículo 14.1 del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos

9  Artículo 316, vigencia anticipada

10 Reconocido por el artículo 8.2 de la Convención Americana de Derechos Humanos y el artículo 14.2 del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos; garantizado en artículo 49.2 y 44.3 de la Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela

11 Vigencia anticipada

12  Exposición de motivos del proyecto de ley de reforma parcial del Código Orgánico Procesal Penal 2009: http://www.google.co.ve/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&ved=0CFQQFjAD&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.asambleanacional.gov.ve%2Findex.php%3Foption%3Dcom_docman%26task%3Ddoc_download%26gid%3D1757%26Itemid%3D185%26lang%3Des&ei=UPPkT_KWLYiC8ATD0bzODg&usg=AFQjCNE28uymvXxwattASqInZHMyB-P6Hw&sig2=6q5QlPpHeNGQtABJroe1SQ

13 Consagrado en el artículo 253 de la Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela

14 Fiscal General considera que debe reestructurarse todo el sistema de justicia en Venezuela http://globovision.com/news.php?nid=232923

15 Aprobación de la reforma al COPP vía habilitante se adapta a esquema constitucional http://www.avn.info.ve/contenido/aprobaci%C3%B3n-reforma-al-copp-v%C3%ADa-habilitante-se-adapta-esquema-constitucional

16 Exposición de motivos. Código Orgánico Procesal Penal 2012

17 Con efecto inmediato, salvo en caso de juicios ya iniciados y con tribunal mixto constituido

18 Previsto solo en artículo 516, vigente a partir de 1 de enero de 2013

19 Vigencia anticipada

20 Vigencia anticipada

21 Artículo 184 de la Constitución de la república Bolivariana de Venezuela. Artículo 9.c de la Declaración sobre el derecho y el deber de los individuos, los grupos y las instituciones de promover y proteger los derechos humanos y las libertades fundamentales universalmente reconocidos, de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas.

22 Asamblea Nacional, exposición de motivos de la reforma al Código Orgánico Procesal Penal 26 de marzo de 2009.

23 Con base en la revisión de os informes anuales de la defensoría del Pueblo, posteriores a la entrada en vigor de la referida reforma.

24 CorteIDH, La Expresión “Leyes” en el Artículo 30 de la Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humano, Opinión Consultiva OC-6/86 del 9 de mayo de 1986 (Serie A No. 6), párr. 27

25 Corte Interamericana, Op. Cit, párrafo 26

26 Ibidem, párrafo 27

27 Consejo de Derechos Humanos. 19º período de sesiones. Tema 6 de la agenda. Examen Periódico Universal. Informe del Grupo de Trabajo sobre el Examen Periódico Universal. Venezuela (República Bolivariana de). Adición. Opiniones sobre las conclusiones y/o recomendaciones, compromisos voluntarios y respuestas presentadas por el Estado examinado. Párrafo 9

28 Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos. Caso Castillo Páez, sentencia del 3 de noviembre de 1977, párr. 82; Caso Suárez Rosero, sentencia del 12 de noviembre de 1997, Serie C, N° 35, párr. 65

ConflictoVe Fuente: http://www.ucab.edu.ve/tl_files/CDH/recursos/Impacto%20del%20nuevo%20Codigo%20Organico%20Procesal%20Penal.pdf

——————————-

Sobre este tema hemos publicado también:

– Reforma del COPP es un franco retroceso en materia penal: Alberto Arteaga Sánchez entrevistado por Yamis Urbano Valencia LUNES, 25 DE JUNIO DE 2012

– En Venezuela ONGs ya no pondrán querellarse contra violadores de DDHH  VIERNES, 22 DE JUNIO DE 2012

– Una Ventana a la Libertad: Reforma al COPP aumenta tiempo para que reclusos puedan solicitar fórmulas alternas de cumplimiento de pena  JUEVES, 21 DE JUNIO DE 2012

– El COPP: ¿avance o retroceso? Artículo de Alberto Arteaga Sánchez  MIÉRCOLES, 20 DE JUNIO DE 2012

– La reforma del COPP perjudicó a los penados. Artículo de Humberto Prado MARTES, 19 DE JUNIO DE 2012

– COPP: Libertad de ciudadanos no puede estar en manos del Ejecutivo. Reportaje de Adriana Chirinos y Rodolfo Mondolfi  JUEVES, 14 DE JUNIO DE 2012

331 COMMENTS

  1. Hi there! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog.
    Is it very difficult to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to start.

    Do you have any tips or suggestions? Thank you

  2. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i
    was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments? If so
    how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  3. Its such as you read my mind! You appear to understand so much
    about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I feel that you can do with a few % to drive the message house a little bit, however other than that, that is magnificent blog.
    A great read. I will definitely be back.

  4. I am not sure where you are getting your info, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for wonderful information I was looking for this info for
    my mission.

  5. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but
    your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your
    website to come back down the road. Many thanks

  6. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it
    but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some suggestions for your blog you
    might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it expand over time.

  7. Thanks for the auspicious writeup. It if truth be told was once a entertainment
    account it. Glance complex to far delivered agreeable from you!
    By the way, how can we keep up a correspondence?

  8. I have been surfing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made good
    content as you did, the internet will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  9. I know this web page provides quality depending articles or reviews and additional information, is there any other
    website which gives these information in quality?

  10. Heya i’m for the primary time here. I came across this board and
    I find It really helpful & it helped me out a lot.
    I’m hoping to present one thing again and aid others like you helped me.

  11. great publish, very informative. I’m wondering why the
    other specialists of this sector do not realize this. You must proceed your writing.
    I’m sure, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  12. Simply wish to say your article is as amazing. The clearness in your post is simply excellent and i can assume you’re
    an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep updated
    with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.

  13. Hi everybody, here every person is sharing
    these familiarity, thus it’s good to read this blog, and I used
    to pay a quick visit this webpage everyday.

  14. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year
    old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I
    had to tell someone!

  15. Excellent blog right here! Also your website lots up fast!
    What web host are you the use of? Can I get your affiliate link in your host?
    I want my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  16. When some one searches for his necessary thing, therefore he/she wants to be
    available that in detail, so that thing is maintained over here.

  17. Fantastic goods from you, man. I have understand
    your stuff previous to and you are just too wonderful.
    I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what
    you are saying and the way in which you say it.

    You make it entertaining and you still care for to keep it wise.
    I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is really a tremendous site.

  18. I’m curious to find out what blog system
    you happen to be utilizing? I’m having some small security problems with my latest website
    and I’d like to find something more safe. Do you have any solutions?

  19. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but
    I find this matter to be really something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post,
    I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  20. whoah this blog is great i like reading your posts.
    Stay up the good work! You recognize, a lot of people are looking around for this information, you can aid them
    greatly.

  21. Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m going to start my own blog in the near future but I’m
    having a hard time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different
    then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.

    P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  22. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but
    I find this topic to be actually something which I think I
    would never understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me.
    I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  23. Someone necessarily help to make critically articles I might state.
    That is the first time I frequented your website page and so far?
    I amazed with the research you made to make this actual submit amazing.
    Wonderful job!

  24. Hi, after reading this remarkable piece of writing i am
    as well happy to share my experience here with
    friends.

  25. The other day, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and tested to see if
    it can survive a 30 foot drop, just so she can be a
    youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views.
    I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it
    with someone!

  26. I truly love your blog.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you build this website yourself?
    Please reply back as I’m attempting to create my very own website and want to find out where
    you got this from or what the theme is called. Thank you!

  27. Greetings! I’ve been following your site for a long time now and finally got
    the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Atascocita Tx!

    Just wanted to tell you keep up the excellent job!

  28. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after looking at many of the posts I realized it’s
    new to me. Regardless, I’m definitely delighted I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking
    it and checking back often!

  29. Hi there! This article couldn’t be written any better!
    Going through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He constantly kept preaching about this. I’ll send this
    article to him. Pretty sure he will have a very good read.
    Thanks for sharing!

  30. Thanks , I have just been searching for info about this subject for ages and yours
    is the best I’ve found out till now. However,
    what concerning the bottom line? Are you sure in regards to
    the source?

  31. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital
    to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I
    achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  32. Heya are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world
    but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you require any html coding expertise to make your own blog?

    Any help would be really appreciated!

  33. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your blog and check again here frequently.
    I’m quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  34. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here
    frequently. I’m quite certain I’ll learn lots of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  35. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you can be a great author.
    I will make certain to bookmark your blog and
    will come back at some point. I want to encourage one to continue
    your great writing, have a nice weekend!

  36. Every weekend i used to pay a visit this web page, as i
    wish for enjoyment, for the reason that this this web
    site conations in fact nice funny data too.

  37. We stumbled over here different page and thought I might as well check things
    out. I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward
    to checking out your web page again.

  38. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but
    your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back down the
    road. Cheers

  39. Hello, i think that i noticed you visited my web site so
    i got here to go back the want?.I’m attempting to find issues to enhance my web
    site!I guess its ok to make use of some of your ideas!!

  40. You actually make it seem so easy together with your presentation but I in finding this topic to be really one thing which I think I’d by no means understand.
    It seems too complicated and extremely extensive
    for me. I’m having a look ahead on your subsequent post, I’ll attempt to get the hold of it!

  41. That is very attention-grabbing, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your feed and sit up for in quest of more of your wonderful post.
    Additionally, I have shared your web site in my social networks

  42. After I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me
    when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added
    I recieve four emails with the same comment. Is there a means you can remove me from that service?
    Appreciate it!

  43. Hello there! This is my first comment here so I just wanted
    to give a quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy reading
    through your blog posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that
    go over the same topics? Thanks for your time!

  44. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your
    site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a appropriate deal.
    I have been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered vivid clear idea

  45. Simply wish to say your article is as amazing.
    The clarity in your post is just nice and
    i could assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me
    to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  46. Excellent blog here! Also your website loads up fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  47. hey there and thank you for your info – I have definitely
    picked up something new from right here. I did however
    expertise some technical issues using this web site, since I experienced to reload the site many times previous to I could get it to
    load properly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times
    will very frequently affect your placement in google and
    could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look
    out for a lot more of your respective interesting content.
    Make sure you update this again very soon.

  48. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good.
    I do not know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous
    blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  49. magnificent publish, very informative. I’m wondering why the
    other specialists of this sector don’t notice this. You should continue your writing.

    I am sure, you’ve a huge readers’ base already!

  50. Hello! I just want to give you a big thumbs up for the great info you have got right here on this
    post. I will be coming back to your site for more soon.

  51. Hello, i believe that i saw you visited my site so i got here to go back the choose?.I am trying to to find issues to improve my web site!I
    assume its ok to make use of a few of your ideas!!

  52. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely donate to this brilliant blog!
    I guess for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding
    your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and will talk
    about this website with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  53. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?

    A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog shine.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks

  54. What’s up to all, how is all, I think every one is getting more
    from this website, and your views are nice in favor of new
    people.

  55. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a
    blog that’s equally educative and engaging, and let me tell you, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The problem is something which too few men and women are speaking
    intelligently about. I’m very happy that I came across this
    during my search for something relating to this.

  56. Heya! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing a few months of hard work due to no backup.
    Do you have any methods to stop hackers?

  57. Hello there, I discovered your web site via Google while looking for a
    similar matter, your site came up, it looks great.

    I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply turned into alert to your blog thru Google, and found that
    it is truly informative. I am gonna be careful for brussels.
    I will appreciate in case you continue this in future. Numerous
    other folks can be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

  58. I’m extremely inspired along with your writing talents
    as neatly as with the format for your blog.
    Is this a paid topic or did you customize it your self?
    Either way stay up the nice quality writing,
    it’s uncommon to peer a great weblog like this one today..

  59. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason seemed
    to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  60. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it
    is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and
    if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or advice.
    Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read even more things about it!

  61. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check once more here frequently.
    I am somewhat certain I’ll learn a lot of new stuff proper here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  62. I take pleasure in, result in I found just what I
    was taking a look for. You’ve ended my four day lengthy hunt!

    God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

  63. I have been browsing online greater than three hours lately,
    but I by no means found any interesting article like yours.
    It is pretty value sufficient for me. In my view, if
    all website owners and bloggers made good content material as you probably
    did, the web shall be a lot more useful than ever before.

  64. I do consider all the concepts you’ve offered in your post.
    They’re very convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless,
    the posts are very quick for starters. Could you please extend them a bit from
    next time? Thank you for the post.

  65. These are in fact wonderful ideas in regarding
    blogging. You have touched some fastidious things here. Any
    way keep up wrinting.

  66. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that they
    just do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well
    as defined out the whole thing without having
    side-effects , people can take a signal. Will
    likely be back to get more. Thanks

  67. Hi there this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with
    HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience.
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  68. If some one wishes expert view concerning running a blog then i recommend him/her to pay a visit this web site, Keep up the
    fastidious job.

  69. I appreciate, lead to I discovered just what I was looking for.
    You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.
    Bye

  70. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I have really loved surfing around your weblog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing on your rss feed and I am hoping you
    write once more very soon!

  71. Good day! This is my 1st comment here so I just
    wanted to give a quick shout out and say I genuinely enjoy reading your articles.

    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that go over
    the same subjects? Many thanks!

  72. fantastic points altogether, you simply won a new reader.
    What may you suggest in regards to your publish
    that you simply made a few days in the past? Any certain?

  73. What’s up i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anyplace, when i read
    this article i thought i could also make comment due to this sensible post.

  74. You’re so interesting! I do not think I have read
    something like that before. So nice to find another person with some unique thoughts on this issue.
    Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is needed on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  75. I’m curious to find out what blog system you have been utilizing?

    I’m having some small security issues with my latest website and I would like to find something more safe.
    Do you have any solutions?

  76. Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this
    board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  77. My brother suggested I would possibly like this blog.
    He used to be entirely right. This publish truly made my day.

    You can not consider simply how so much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  78. Hey very cool site!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing ..
    I will bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally?
    I am glad to seek out numerous useful information here within the submit, we need develop more strategies on this regard, thank you for sharing.

    . . . . .

  79. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future
    and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you
    few interesting things or suggestions. Maybe
    you could write next articles referring to this article.

    I desire to read more things about it!

  80. Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article!
    It’s the little changes that will make the most important changes.

    Thanks for sharing!

  81. Hurrah, that’s what I was searching for, what a material!

    existing here at this blog, thanks admin of this web page.

  82. Hi to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting more from this web page, and your views are pleasant designed
    for new viewers.

  83. I’m curious to find out what blog system you are
    working with? I’m experiencing some minor security issues with my latest website
    and I’d like to find something more secure. Do you
    have any solutions?

  84. I am no longer certain where you’re getting your info, however great
    topic. I must spend some time finding out much more or working out more.
    Thanks for fantastic info I used to be on the lookout for this information for my mission.

  85. I blog frequently and I seriously appreciate your information. The article has truly peaked
    my interest. I will bookmark your website and
    keep checking for new details about once per week. I subscribed
    to your Feed too.

  86. That is very attention-grabbing, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and sit up for in quest of extra of your fantastic post.
    Additionally, I have shared your site in my social networks

  87. Hey there! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa?
    My website covers a lot of the same topics as yours and I
    believe we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you’re interested feel free to shoot
    me an email. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Awesome blog by the way!

  88. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an really long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say superb blog!

  89. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog
    that’s equally educative and engaging, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the
    head. The issue is something which too few men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    Now i’m very happy I came across this in my search for something concerning this.

  90. I’m extremely inspired together with your writing talents as neatly as with the format for your blog.
    Is this a paid topic or did you customize it your self?

    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing,
    it is rare to peer a great weblog like this one nowadays..

  91. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too great.
    I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what
    you are stating and the way in which you say it.
    You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it sensible.
    I can not wait to read much more from you. This is really
    a great website.

  92. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the page layout of
    your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two images.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  93. Hi, I do think your blog could be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine but
    when opening in I.E., it’s got some overlapping issues.

    I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!
    Apart from that, great website!

  94. Hey there I am so grateful I found your blog, I really found you by error, while I was
    browsing on Digg for something else, Anyways I am here
    now and would just like to say kudos for a tremendous post and a all round exciting blog
    (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it
    all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
    will be back to read more, Please do keep up the excellent
    job.

  95. obviously like your website however you have
    to test the spelling on several of your posts.
    Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very bothersome to tell
    the truth then again I will surely come back again.

  96. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve truly loved
    browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing for your rss
    feed and I am hoping you write again very soon!

  97. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
    It will always be exciting to read through
    articles from other writers and use something from their websites.

  98. Aw, this was an extremely good post. Taking the time and actual effort to make a good article… but
    what can I say… I put things off a lot and don’t manage to get
    anything done.

  99. Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll
    just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I as well am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to the whole thing.
    Do you have any tips for newbie blog writers? I’d really appreciate it.

  100. This design is incredible! You definitely know how to keep
    a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was
    almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!)
    Wonderful job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that,
    how you presented it. Too cool!

  101. Good day! I just would like to give you a
    huge thumbs up for the great info you’ve got here on this
    post. I will be returning to your web site for more soon.

  102. I do believe all the concepts you’ve offered to your post. They’re very convincing and can definitely work.
    Nonetheless, the posts are very brief for newbies. May you please
    lengthen them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  103. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished
    to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.

    In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  104. Excellent items from you, man. I’ve have in mind your stuff previous to and you’re just
    too excellent. I really like what you have got here, certainly like what you’re
    saying and the best way wherein you assert
    it. You’re making it entertaining and you continue to take care of to stay it wise.
    I cant wait to learn far more from you. This is really a terrific web site.

  105. I believe that is among the such a lot significant information for me.

    And i am glad studying your article. But should observation on some general issues, The website taste is perfect,
    the articles is really nice : D. Just right job, cheers

  106. Hello are using WordPress for your site platform?

    I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you
    need any coding expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  107. Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs?
    I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would really
    like to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would value your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e mail.

  108. Just wish to say your article is as astonishing.
    The clarity in your publish is just excellent and that i could
    think you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your RSS
    feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thank you one million and please keep up the gratifying
    work.

  109. I simply couldn’t go away your web site prior to suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard information a person supply in your guests?
    Is going to be back often in order to investigate cross-check new posts

  110. Unquestionably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the web the easiest
    thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people consider
    worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit
    the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole
    thing without having side effect , people can take a signal.
    Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  111. It’s amazing to go to see this web site
    and reading the views of all colleagues on the topic of this
    piece of writing, while I am also zealous of getting familiarity.

  112. I don’t even know how I finished up right here, however I thought this publish used to be good.
    I do not realize who you might be but definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger in case you aren’t already.
    Cheers!

  113. Its like you learn my thoughts! You seem to understand so
    much approximately this, like you wrote the ebook in it or something.

    I feel that you could do with some % to force the message home
    a little bit, however instead of that, this is excellent
    blog. An excellent read. I’ll certainly be back.

  114. Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found
    that it’s really informative. I’m going to watch
    out for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future.
    Numerous people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  115. Wonderful article! That is the kind of information that
    are supposed to be shared around the net. Disgrace on the seek engines for not
    positioning this publish higher! Come on over and talk
    over with my website . Thank you =)

  116. That is really attention-grabbing, You’re an overly professional blogger.
    I have joined your feed and look forward to in the
    hunt for more of your excellent post. Additionally, I have shared your site
    in my social networks

  117. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
    Extremely helpful information specially the last part 🙂 I care for such info much.
    I was looking for this certain info for a very long time.

    Thank you and best of luck.

  118. Hi there! I just wanted to ask if you ever
    have any issues with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I
    ended up losing a few months of hard work due to no back up.

    Do you have any methods to stop hackers?

  119. You could certainly see your skills within the work you write.

    The world hopes for even more passionate writers such as
    you who are not afraid to say how they believe.
    Always follow your heart.

  120. These are genuinely impressive ideas in concerning blogging.
    You have touched some fastidious points here. Any way keep
    up wrinting.

  121. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and
    it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if
    I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things
    or suggestions. Perhaps you can write next articles
    referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  122. Howdy very nice website!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb
    .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally?

    I’m happy to find a lot of helpful info right here in the publish,
    we’d like work out more techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing.
    . . . . .

  123. Have you ever thought about publishing an e-book or guest
    authoring on other websites? I have a blog centered on the same ideas you discuss and would really like
    to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would enjoy
    your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  124. Fantastic blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go
    for a paid option? There are so many choices out there
    that I’m totally confused .. Any ideas? Many thanks!

  125. It’s really a nice and helpful piece of information. I’m satisfied that you just shared this useful info with us.
    Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  126. I do not even understand how I finished up right here, but I
    assumed this post was great. I don’t recognise who you’re but certainly you are going to a
    famous blogger for those who aren’t already. Cheers!

  127. hi!,I love your writing so so much! percentage we be in contact more
    approximately your post on AOL? I require a specialist in this space to solve my problem.
    May be that’s you! Looking forward to see you.

  128. of course like your web-site however you need to test the spelling on several of your
    posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I to find it very troublesome
    to tell the reality then again I’ll surely come back again.

  129. Amazing! This blog looks exactly like my old one!
    It’s on a completely different topic but it has pretty much the same layout
    and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

  130. After I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each
    time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment.
    There has to be a way you are able to remove me from that service?
    Kudos!

  131. Thanks for every other fantastic article.
    Where else could anyone get that kind of info in such a perfect way of writing?
    I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m at the look for such info.

  132. Hey would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?

    I’m planning to start my own blog in the near future but I’m
    having a tough time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to
    ask!

  133. Howdy! This post could not be written much better!
    Reading through this article reminds me of my previous
    roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this.
    I’ll forward this post to him. Fairly certain he’s going to have
    a great read. Thank you for sharing!

  134. Hi there to all, the contents present at this site are in fact amazing for people experience, well,
    keep up the nice work fellows.

  135. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my
    own blog and was wondering what all is required to get set up?
    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100% certain. Any recommendations or advice would be
    greatly appreciated. Thank you

  136. These are truly wonderful ideas in on the topic
    of blogging. You have touched some fastidious things here.

    Any way keep up wrinting.

  137. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my
    4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She
    put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it
    pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

  138. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored material stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an edginess over that
    you wish be delivering the following. unwell
    unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.

  139. Please let me know if you’re looking for a author
    for your site. You have some really good articles and I think
    I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some material for your blog
    in exchange for a link back to mine. Please shoot me an email if interested.
    Regards!

  140. You really make it appear really easy with your presentation but I
    find this matter to be actually something that I believe I’d
    never understand. It sort of feels too complicated and very large for me.
    I am looking forward to your next post, I will try to get the
    grasp of it!

  141. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the
    book in it or something. I think that you could do with a few pics to drive the message
    home a bit, but other than that, this is great blog. A fantastic read.
    I’ll definitely be back.

  142. I needed to thank you for this good read!! I absolutely loved
    every bit of it. I have you book marked to look at new stuff you post…

  143. Good day very cool blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your blog and take the feeds also?

    I’m satisfied to search out a lot of useful information right here within the submit, we’d like
    develop more techniques in this regard, thank you for sharing.

    . . . . .

  144. Greetings! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and
    tell you I really enjoy reading through your posts.
    Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover
    the same topics? Thanks for your time!

  145. When someone writes an piece of writing he/she retains the plan of a user in his/her brain that how a user can understand it.

    So that’s why this piece of writing is great. Thanks!

  146. I love what you guys are usually up too. This sort of clever work and exposure!

    Keep up the amazing works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to
    blogroll.

  147. Thanks on your marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you could be a great author.I will make certain to bookmark your
    blog and will often come back someday. I want to encourage that you continue your great writing, have a nice day!

  148. I am not certain where you are getting your info,
    however great topic. I needs to spend a while studying much
    more or working out more. Thanks for wonderful information I was searching for
    this info for my mission.

  149. Hi would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re utilizing?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most.
    Can you recommend a good web hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Cheers, I appreciate it!

  150. I’m gone to tell my little brother, that he should
    also go to see this website on regular basis to get updated from
    most up-to-date news.

  151. Hmm is anyone else having problems with the pictures on this blog loading?
    I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog.
    Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

  152. I simply could not leave your web site prior to suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the standard
    info a person provide in your guests? Is gonna be again incessantly to
    investigate cross-check new posts

  153. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post
    was great. I do not know who you are but definitely you’re
    going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  154. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your weblog and
    check again here frequently. I am quite sure I will learn a
    lot of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!

  155. Hello there! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My site looks weird when browsing from my iphone 4.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to fix this issue.

    If you have any recommendations, please share.
    Many thanks!

  156. great points altogether, you just received a
    new reader. What may you recommend in regards to your submit that you
    made some days ago? Any sure?

  157. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My blog has a lot of
    exclusive content I’ve either created myself or outsourced
    but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my permission. Do
    you know any methods to help prevent content from being ripped off?
    I’d definitely appreciate it.

  158. Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar
    one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam remarks?

    If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you
    can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.

  159. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up
    losing months of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any methods
    to prevent hackers?

  160. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is important and everything. Nevertheless imagine if you added some great photos or videos
    to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with
    pics and video clips, this site could undeniably be one
    of the best in its niche. Fantastic blog!

  161. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d without a doubt donate to this superb blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to
    my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this
    website with my Facebook group. Chat soon!

  162. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well
    as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did
    you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a
    nice blog like this one these days.

  163. Asking questions are in fact good thing if you are not
    understanding something completely, but this article provides fastidious understanding
    yet.

  164. Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform
    are you using for this site? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had
    problems with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another
    platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of
    a good platform.

  165. This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I
    have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more
    of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

  166. Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it
    can survive a twenty five foot drop, just so she
    can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views.
    I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  167. Does your website have a contact page? I’m having a tough
    time locating it but, I’d like to send you an email. I’ve got some creative ideas for your
    blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way,
    great blog and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

  168. A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment.
    There’s no doubt that that you ought to publish more on this issue, it may not be a taboo matter
    but usually people don’t talk about such subjects.
    To the next! Cheers!!

  169. What i do not realize is in reality how you are no longer actually a lot more smartly-favored than you may be now.
    You are so intelligent. You realize therefore significantly with regards to this matter, made me personally imagine it from numerous numerous angles.
    Its like women and men are not involved unless it is something
    to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs great. All the time take care of it up!

  170. It’s really a cool and useful piece of information. I am satisfied that you simply shared this helpful information with us.

    Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  171. I blog quite often and I truly appreciate your information. This article has
    truly peaked my interest. I am going to book mark your blog and keep checking
    for new information about once a week. I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  172. Hello! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this page to him.
    Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  173. Heya i’m for the primary time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to provide something back and aid others like you aided me.

  174. hello there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise several technical points using this website, since I experienced to
    reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it
    to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading
    instances times will sometimes affect your placement in google and
    could damage your high quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and can look out for much more of your respective interesting content.
    Make sure you update this again soon.

  175. Howdy! This article couldn’t be written much better!
    Looking at this post reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He continually kept talking about this. I am going to send this article to him.
    Fairly certain he’s going to have a good read.

    Many thanks for sharing!

  176. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four e-mails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Cheers!

  177. Link exchange is nothing else except it is only placing the other person’s webpage link on your page
    at suitable place and other person will also do same in favor of you.

  178. Hi just wanted to give you a brief heads
    up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading properly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same results.

  179. Greetings I am so grateful I found your webpage,
    I really found you by accident, while I was browsing on Google for something else, Nonetheless
    I am here now and would just like to say cheers for a fantastic post and
    a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I
    don’t have time to look over it all at the minute but I have saved
    it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read much more,
    Please do keep up the fantastic work.

  180. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who was doing a little homework
    on this. And he actually bought me dinner due to the fact that I found it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the
    meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this subject here on your blog.

  181. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  182. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i came to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to enhance my site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  183. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a coworker who
    was conducting a little research on this. And he in fact bought
    me lunch simply because I stumbled upon it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this subject here on your website.

  184. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever
    have any issues with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing months of hard work
    due to no back up. Do you have any solutions to prevent hackers?

  185. Everyone loves what you guys are usually up too. This sort of clever work and reporting!

    Keep up the great works guys I’ve added you guys to
    my blogroll.

  186. Thanks for your marvelous posting! I actually
    enjoyed reading it, you can be a great author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog
    and will eventually come back down the road. I want to encourage
    that you continue your great job, have a nice weekend!

  187. I think everything said was actually very reasonable.
    But, think on this, suppose you composed a catchier post title?
    I mean, I don’t want to tell you how to run your blog, but suppose you
    added a post title to maybe get folk’s attention? I mean CDH-UCAB: Impacto del nuevo
    Código Orgánico Procesal Penal (COPP) en derechos de procesados y privados de libertad | Venezuela Awareness Foundation is a little boring.
    You should glance at Yahoo’s front page and see how they create post titles to get people interested.

    You might try adding a video or a pic or two to get people excited about everything’ve written. In my opinion, it would
    make your posts a little livelier.

  188. I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here
    frequently. I’m quite certain I will learn many new stuff right here!

    Best of luck for the next!

  189. We’re a gaggle of volunteers and starting a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your site offered us with useful information to work on.
    You’ve done a formidable activity and our whole community shall be grateful to you.

  190. Hey there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to look it over.
    I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking and
    will be tweeting this to my followers! Terrific blog and great style and design.

  191. Howdy would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re using?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers
    and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most.
    Can you recommend a good internet hosting provider at a fair
    price? Cheers, I appreciate it!

  192. It’s remarkable to pay a quick visit this site and
    reading the views of all mates concerning this article, while I am also
    keen of getting familiarity.

  193. You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but
    I find this topic to be actually something which I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and very broad for me. I am looking forward for your
    next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  194. I know this web page gives quality depending articles and additional data, is there any other site which provides these kinds of stuff in quality?

  195. Wow, superb blog format! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for?
    you made running a blog glance easy. The full look of your web site is fantastic, as neatly as
    the content material!

  196. whoah this weblog is great i like studying your posts. Keep up the good work!

    You know, lots of people are hunting round for this info, you can aid them greatly.

  197. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as
    long as I provide credit and sources back to your webpage?
    My blog site is in the very same area of interest as yours
    and my users would genuinely benefit from some of the information you present here.

    Please let me know if this ok with you. Regards!

  198. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my
    own blog and was curious what all is needed to get setup?

    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% certain. Any recommendations or advice would be
    greatly appreciated. Thanks

  199. I don’t even know the way I finished up here, but I thought
    this submit used to be good. I don’t recognize who you are
    however definitely you are going to a well-known blogger in the event you aren’t
    already. Cheers!

  200. What’s up to every body, it’s my first go to see of this weblog; this website consists of
    awesome and truly good stuff for visitors.

  201. Hey I am so happy I found your weblog, I really found you
    by error, while I was researching on Aol for something else, Anyways I am
    here now and would just like to say thank you for a tremendous
    post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time
    to look over it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also included your RSS feeds,
    so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the superb work.

  202. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your web site provided us with useful information to work on. You’ve performed an impressive process and our whole neighborhood will probably be thankful to you.

  203. I think this is among the most important info for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general
    things, The site style is ideal, the articles is really excellent : D.

    Good job, cheers

  204. Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this web site, as i want enjoyment, as this this site conations genuinely pleasant funny material too.

  205. Your means of explaining the whole thing in this article is truly pleasant,
    all be able to effortlessly be aware of it, Thanks a lot.

  206. I’m now not sure the place you’re getting your
    information, but great topic. I needs to spend some time finding out
    much more or understanding more. Thank you for great information I was looking for this
    info for my mission.

  207. Hey, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog site in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give
    you a quick heads up! Other then that, terrific blog!

  208. Hi my friend! I wish to say that this post is awesome, great written and come with approximately all significant infos.
    I would like to peer more posts like this .

  209. Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many months of
    hard work due to no backup. Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

  210. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your blog.
    You have some really great articles and I feel I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.
    Please send me an e-mail if interested. Thanks!

  211. My brother suggested I might like this web site. He was
    totally right. This post actually made my day. You cann’t imagine simply
    how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  212. Thanks for another fantastic article. Where else may
    just anyone get that type of information in such an ideal way of writing?

    I’ve a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such info.

  213. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know so
    much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.
    I think that you could do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit,
    but instead of that, this is fantastic blog.
    A great read. I will certainly be back.

  214. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right
    here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish
    be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the
    same nearly a lot often inside case you shield
    this increase.

LEAVE A REPLY